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Lord Shiva and His 108 Names

Posted by Pankaj Kumar on January 11, 2013

Do you know Lord Shiva is considered as the Supreme God within Shaivism? It is one of the three most influential denominations in Hinduism. In other branches of Hinduism such as in the Smarta tradition, he is regarded as one of the five primary forms of God.

According to Shiva Purana, there are 1008 names of Lord Shiva has. Given below is a list of 108 names of Lord Shiva with their meaning.

1. Aashutosh —– One who fulfills wishes instantly

2. Aja —– Unborn

3. Akshayaguna —– God with limitless attributes

4. Anagha —– Without any fault

5. Anantadrishti —– Of infinite vision

6. Augadh —– One who revels all the time

7. Avyayaprabhu —– Imperishable lord

8. Bhairav —– Lord of terror

9. Bhalanetra —– One who has an eye in the forehead

10. Bholenath —– Kind hearted lord

11. Bhooteshwara —– Lord of ghosts and evil beings

12. Bhudeva —– Lord of the earth

13. Bhutapala —– Protector of the ghosts

14. Chandrapal —– Master of the moon

15. Chandraprakash —– One who has moon as a crest

16. Dayalu —– Compassionate

17. Devadeva —– Lord of the lords

18. Dhanadeepa —– Lord of wealth

19. Dhyanadeep —– Icon of meditation and concentration

20. Dhyutidhara —– Lord of brilliance

21. Digambara —– Ascetic without any clothes

22. Durjaneeya —– Difficult to be known

23. Durjaya —– Unvanquished

24. Gangadhara —– Lord of river Ganga

25. Girijapati —– Consort of Girija

26. Gunagrahin —– Acceptor of gunas

27. Gurudeva —– Master of all

28. Hara —– Remover of sins

29. Jagadisha —– Master of the universe

30. Jaradhishamana —– Redeemer from afflictions

31. Jatin —– One who has matted hair

32. Kailas —– One who bestows peace

33. Kailashadhipati —– Lord of Mount Kailash

34. Kailashnath —– Master Of Mount Kailash

35. Kamalakshana —– Lotus-eyed lord

36. Kantha —– Ever-radiant

37. Kapalin —– One who wears a necklace of skulls

38. Khatvangin —– One who has the missile khatvangin in his hand

39. Kundalin —– One who wears earrings

40. Lalataksha —– One who has an eye in the forehead

41. Lingadhyaksha —– Lord of the lingas

42. Lingaraja —– Lord of the lingas

43. Lokankara —– Creator of the three worlds

44. Lokapal —– One who takes care of the world

45. Mahabuddhi —– Extremely intelligent

46. Mahadeva —– Greatest God

47. Mahakala —– Lord of all times

48. Mahamaya —– Of great illusions

49. Mahamrityunjaya —– Great victor of death

50. Mahanidhi —– Great storehouse

51. Mahashaktimaya —– One who has boundless energies

52. Mahayogi —– Greatest of all Gods

53. Mahesha —– Supreme Lord

54. Maheshwara —– Lord of Gods

55. Nagabhushana —– One who has serpents as ornaments

56. Nataraja —– King of the art of dancing

57. Nilakantha —– Blue necked Lord

58. Nityasundara —– Ever beautiful

59. Nrityapriya —– Lover of dance

60. Omkara —– Creator of OM

61. Palanhaar —– One who protects everyone

62. Parameshwara —– First among all Gods

63. Paramjyoti —– Greatest splendour

64. Pashupati —– Lord of all living beings

65. Pinakin —– One who has a bow in his hand

66. Pranava —– Originator of the syllable of OM

67. Priyabhakta —– Favourite of the devotees

68. Priyadarshana —– Of loving vision

69. Pushkara —– One who gives nourishment

70. Pushpalochana —– One who has eyes like flowers

71. Ravilochana —– Having sun as the eye

72. Rudra —– The terrible

73. Rudraksha —– One who has eyes like Rudra

74. Sadashiva —– Eternal God

75. Sanatana —– Eternal Lord

76. Sarvacharya —– Preceptor of all

77. Sarvashiva —– Always pure

78. Sarvatapana —– Scorcher of all

79. Sarvayoni —– Source of everything

80. Sarveshwara —– Lord of all Gods

81. Shambhu —– One who bestows prosperity

82. Shankara —– One who gives happiness

83. Shiva —– Always pure

84. Shoolin —– One who has a trident

85. Shrikantha —– Of glorious neck

86. Shrutiprakasha —– Illuminator of the vedas

87. Shuddhavigraha —– One who has a pure body

88. Skandaguru —– Preceptor of Skanda

89. Someshwara —– Lord of all Gods

90. Sukhada —– Bestower of happiness

91. Suprita —– Well pleased

92. Suragana —– Having Gods as attendants

93. Sureshwara —– Lord of all Gods

94. Swayambhu —– Self-manifested

95. Tejaswani —– One who spreads illumination

96. Trilochana —– Three-eyed Lord

97. Trilokpati —– Master of all the three worlds

98. Tripurari —– Enemy of Tripura

99. Trishoolin —– One who has a trident in his hands

100. Umapati —– Consort of Uma

101. Vachaspati —– Lord of speech

102. Vajrahasta —– One who has a thunderbolt in his hands

103. Varada —– Granter of boons

104. Vedakarta —– Originator of the Vedas

105. Veerabhadra —– Supreme Lord of the nether world

106. Vishalaksha —– Wide-eyed Lord

107. Vishveshwara —– Lord of the Universe

108. Vrishavahana —– One who has bull as his vehicle
lord_shiva

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Gangrape in New Delhi

Posted by Pankaj Kumar on December 26, 2012

Recent incident of gangrape in New Delhi has raised many questions.

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What is Carpet Area and Built-up Area?

Posted by Pankaj Kumar on December 17, 2012

 

Apartment

Are you going to buy a house, then you should know all about the carpet area and built up area before buying a home for yourself.

Sale process and nomenclature used:

Q. What is the typical period for deal closure?

A. It is of three months.

Q. Who pays the brokerage fee and what is the amount charged for it?

A. Both the parties (landlords as well as tenant) pay brokerage fees 1 to 2 per cent of grass sale plus applicable service tax in most Indian cities.

Q. What is the process involved in purchase of a freehold, ready-to-move in property?

A. Purchasing an independent house in a multi-stage process which involves

  • Property shortlisting
  • Due diligence
  • Agreement to sell
  • Sale deed
  • Property registration

Q. What is the process involved in purchase of an under construction property?

A. Purchasing an under construction peoperty involves the following steps:

  • Property shortlisting
  • Due diligence
  • Agreement to sell
  • Transfer of property in builder records
  • Registration of the property

FLOOR SPACE

Q. What measurement standards are used to measure floor space?

A. To measure the residential floor space three different bases are used. They are:

Carpet area is the total area of the premises, measures from the internal walls.

Built-up area is the total area of the premises measured from the external perimeter wall surface and incorporating an allocation of common areas on the same floor excluding lift core and fire stairs/ stairs (this is generally 20-25 percent larger than carpet areas)

STAMP DUTY

Q. What is stamp duty and who is liable to pay it, the buyer or the seller?

A. Stamp duty is a tax, similar to sales tax and income tax collected by government, which must be paid in full and on time.

A stamp duty paid instrument/document is considered a proper and legal instrument/document.

The liability for payment of stamp duty is that of the buyer unless there is an agreement to the contrary. Section 30 of Bombay Stamp Act,1958, states the liability for payment of stamp duty.

Disclaimer: Information Provided here is for general understanding only and may vary and/alter as per the special circumstances of each case including change in jurisdictions. You are strongly advised to consult your legal counsels before finalizing your transaction documents

 

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Shashidhar Mishra : A brave RTI activist

Posted by Pankaj Kumar on December 13, 2012

Unidentified motorcycle-borne criminals shot dead one, Shashidhar Mishra, a local RTI activist, at his Phulwaria village residence under Bararuni-Phulwaria police station.

Mishra was also popularly known as ‘Khabri Lal’ in the area for his knack to expose scams in the welfare schemes through RTI at the local panchayat and block level. He even earned the wrath of some local body representatives for using the RTI against them.

Shashidhar Mishra (1975–2010) was an Indian RTI activist, who was shot dead by unidentified criminals by bullets near his house in Phulwaria Village, located near Begusarai town of Bihar. The incident took place on night on February 14, 2010.

Sources said Mishra had just parked his bicycle and was about to enter his house when criminals riding a motorcycle came and shot him in his head. Mishra died on the spot.

By profession, he was street vendor, who used to sale pens, sweets and snacks in market of Barauni. He used to stay in a mud house in his village and used bicycle for transport. He is survived by a wife and four children.

He had earned the nickname of “Khabri Lal” ( the news man ) and worked tirelessly to expose corruption at the panchayat and block levels. He filed his first RTI application in 2008 and by the time he died he had filed more than 1000 RTI applications, mostly concerning issues troubling his village.

National RTI Forum has honored his martyrdom by naming an award after him as Shashidhar Mishra RTI Gallantry award.

 

http://www.guardian.co.uk/world/2010/dec/27/india-rti-activists-deaths

http://www.thehindu.com/news/national/article110491.ece

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Trivikrama Mahadeva: The Bearer of Unclaimed Bodies

Posted by Pankaj Kumar on December 12, 2012

‘Trivikrama” Mahadeva  is the name of an undertaker in the city of Bangalore, India who ferries unclaimed bodies and organizes their funeral. He has so far organized funeral of over 42,000 human bodies. In November 1999, he was awarded the Chief Minister’s Gold Medal by the Chief Minister of Karnataka, S. M. Krishna.

It was on an unusually nippy dawn’ about eight years ago’ those commandos of the National Security Guard pounded their way into a building on the outskirts of Bangalore. Their mission: to arrest Sivarasan the man who masterminded the assassination of Rajiv Gandhi. In 10 minutes’ the operation was over: ”one-eyed Jack”and his accomplices had killed themselves to prevent arrest. In police firing the bodies of Sivarasan and four other militants  were found dead.

The police didn’t want to give bodies to sympathizers to cart away Sivarasan’s body and build a monument somewhere. So’ after a fortnight’s deliberation they turned to an individual’ one shrouded in obscurity because of his gloomy vocation that of ensuring a decent last journey for those who die unclaimed.

Mahadeva was only 11 years old when he was handed down this job by Krishna thatha (grandpa). They first met by chance at the morgue in Bangalore’s Victoria Hospital.

A penniless Mahadeva was wailing over his mother’s body. The old man offered to carry the body’ then took the boy home. Soon’ Mahadeva learnt to ferry unclaimed bodies from the morgue at Victoria Hospital to one of the city’s three cemeteries. Sometimes he piled up five or six bodies in a pushcart and hauled them over. And it was one such journey that still gives Mahadeva goose bumps every time he thinks about it. In 1982′ he was carting the bodies of 18 victims of the Gangaram Book Bureau crash in Bangalore. As he positioned the pushcart to lower the bodies into a mammoth grave’ he slipped in’ and was covered by a heap of bodies. It took an enormous effort on his part to draw the attention of the undertaker and be pulled out.

By 1991′ when he had to ferry the body of Sivarasan’ Mahadeva had managed to acquire a horse-drawn cart. ”The police told me all about the man’ but warned that I shouldn’t blab to anyone about it. They escorted my cart in two jeeps and his body was cremated at an electric crematorium”’he says. Cut to November 2000. The number of bodies interred by him so far has risen to 42’000′ an average of four a day since 1971.Tucked away in two sacks are the death certificates of each individual he has buried so far. Mahadeva has been acclaimed as ”Kaliyug’s Trivikrama”for unclaimed bodies’a sign he used to display on his cart. He’s also been felicitated a number of times and was conferred a state award by CM S.M. Krishna in November 1999. Though he’s sought after by the city police and the railway authorities every time they find an unidentified body on the street or along the railway tracks’ Mahadeva’s earnings are meagre:

Rs 25 per body’ though the police pay him Rs 300 a month. He also has to bribe the staff at the mortuary (Rs 150)’ and pay Rs 125 to the undertakers. And he never lowers a body into the grave without offering a garland bought from his paltry wage.

Mahadeva slogs in abject penury and even had to pledge the CM’s gold medal for Rs 8’000 to meet the expenses of his wife’s caesarian delivery. He also had to sell his horse and cart to raise another Rs 8’000 to pay off debts. ”I respect the dead. I don’t regret doing it though sometimes they are soaked in blood and the stench is nauseating”’he says. His 13-year-old son Praveen Kumar’ a class eight student’ accompanies him on weekends and during vacations. ”I don’t know what god has in store for me’ though there’s nothing wrong in continuing with what my father does”’the boy says.

Mahadeva’s desperate pleas for a three-wheeler to carry the bodies to the cemetery have finally elicited a response. The mayor of Bangalore recently gave him a cheque for Rs 25’000′ which along with help from social welfare organisations’ and some media support’ has helped him buy the vehicle. But more help in his lonely task is always welcome. Mahadeva can be contacted at: No. 125′ Adigewadayera Halli’ Raja Rajeshwari Nagar’ Bangalore-39.

Mahadeva still lives in poverty and was even forced to sell his horse and cart as well as his Chief Minister’s gold medal to raise money to pay off some debts. More recently, the Mayor of Bangalore donated him Rs. 25000 to buy a three-wheeled vehicle. The Indian Railways have also provided him with a cell phone and well-wishers have provided him with free petrol. His son Praveen accompanies him to the burials during weekends and vacations.

6.Mahadeva

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Dashrath Manjhi: The man who turned the Mountain

Posted by Pankaj Kumar on December 12, 2012

Dashrath Manjhi (born 1934-  died August 17, 2007) was born into a poor labourer family in Gahlour village near Gaya in Bihar, India. He is also known as Mountain Man. Dashrath Majhi’s wife, Falguni Devi, died due to lack of medical treatment because the nearest town with a doctor was 70 km away from their village in Bihar, India.

Dashrath did not want anyone else to suffer the same fate as his wife, so he single-handedly carved a 360-foot-long (110 m), 25-foot-high (7.6 m) and 30-foot-wide (9.1 m) road by cutting through a mountain in the Gehlour hills, working day and night for 22 years from 1960 to 1982. His feat reduced the distance between the Atri and Wazirganj blocks of the Gaya district from 75 km to 1 km, bringing him international acclaim.

He died on August 17, 2007. He was given a state funeral by the Government of Bihar.

Film Director Manish Jha announced a film, Manjhi, based on the life of Dashrath Manjhi in july 2010. The film is produced by Sanjay Singh, who previously produced Udaan (2010) and Manoj Bajpai is slated to play the lead. Dashrath Manjhi’s inspirational story was shown on Aamir Khan’s show Satyamev Jayate. Nawazuddin Siddiqui has been roped in to play the lead role in the film Mountain Man, which is based on life of Dashrath Manjhi.

Dashrath Manjhi

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Amazing Facts

Posted by Pankaj Kumar on December 10, 2012

  • Lightning strikes about 6,000 times per minute on this planet!
  • A chameleon’s tongue is twice the length of its body.
  • A chimpanzee can learn to recognize itself in a mirror, but monkeys can’t.
  • A rat can last longer without water than a camel can.
  • About 10% of the world’s population is left-handed.
  • A typical bed usually houses over 6 billion dust mites.
  • A person afflicted with hexadectylism has six fingers or six toes on one or both hands and feet
  • A woodpecker can peck twenty times a second.
  • A zebra is white with black stripes.
  • Porpoises and dolphins communicate with each other by squeaking, growling, moaning, and whistling. Porpoises and dolphins are mammals. There are about 40 species or kinds of porpoises and dolphins. Most porpoises and dolphins navigate by using “echolocation”. The largest member of the dolphin family is called an orca or killer whale.
  • The hippopotamus gives birth under water and nurses its young in the river as well, though the young hippos do come up periodically for air.
  • A cow gives nearly 200,000 glasses of milk in her lifetime
  • The world’s largest rodent is the Capybara. An Amazon water hog that looks like a guinea pig, it can weigh more than 100 pounds.
  • The world’s smallest mammal is the bumblebee bat of Thailand, weighing less than a penny.
  • How the wind blows. As the sun warms the earth’s surface, the atmosphere warms too. Some parts of the earth receive direct rays from the sun all year and are always warm. Other places receive indirect rays, so the climate is colder. Warm air, which weighs less than cool air, rises. Then cool air moves in and replaces the rising warm air. This movement of air is what makes the wind blow.
  • Dolphins sleep with one eye open!
  • Why do we might feel warmer wearing a dark-colored jacket than a light-colored one? Dark colors absorb light energy. Light colors and white reflect light energy. When light shines on your dark jacket, the jacket fabric absorbs light energy. The absorbed light energy causes electrons in the atoms of the jacket to vibrate. This activity releases heat energy, which makes the jacket—and you—warmer. That’s why we like to wear more dark colors in winter and more light colors in summer.
  • While sleeping, one man in eight snores, and one in ten grinds his teeth.
  • At 188 decibels, the whistle of the blue whale is the loudest sound produced by any animal.
  • A flute made of bone is the oldest playable musical instrument in the world. It’s a flute carved from a bird’s wing bone more than 9,000 years ago. The flute was discovered with other flutes at an ancient burial site in China.
  • The fastest dog, the greyhound, can reach speeds of up to 41.7 miles per hour. The breed was known to exist in ancient Egypt 6,000 years ago
  • Glue dates back to prehistoric times. Artists once mixed colorings with raw eggs, dried blood, and plant juices to make sticky paints for cave murals. Later, ancient Egyptians and other people learned to make stronger glues by boiling animal bones and hides. Today companies make glues using synthetic substances.
  • A cat sees about six times better than a human at night because of the tapetum lucidum , a layer of extra reflecting cells which absorb light.
  • A cat uses whiskers to determine if a space is too small to squeeze through. The whiskers act as antennae, helping the animal to judge the precise width of any passage.
  • A cat will clean itself with paw and tongue after a dangerous experience or when it has fought with another cat. This is an attempt by the animal to soothe its nerves by doing something natural and instinctive.
  • The grizzly bear can run as fast as the average horse!!
  • The female lion does more than 90% of the hunting while the male simply prefers to rest. !!
  • A jellyfish is 95 percent water!
  • At birth, a panda is smaller than a mouse and weighs about four ounces.
  • Fingernails grow nearly 4 times faster than toenails!
  • You blink over 10,000,000 times a year!
  • Of all the words in the English language, the word ‘ set ‘ has the most definitions!
  • The sun is 330,330 times larger than the earth!-
  • Dogs and cats, like humans, are either right or left handed… or is that paws?!
  • A giraffe can clean its ears with its 21-inch tongue!
  • A crocodile cannot stick its tongue out.
  • A cat’s jaws cannot move sideways.
  • More people are killed annually by donkeys than die in air crashes.
  • “Go.”   is the shortest complete sentence in the English language.
  • The vocabulary of the average person consists of 5,000 to 6,000 words.
  • No word in the English language rhymes with “month”.
  • An ostrich’s eye is bigger than its brain.
  • An ostrich’s eye is bigger than its brain.
  • The average person laughs about 15 times a day.
  • The average person walks the equivalent of twice around the world in a lifetime.
  • All polar bears are left handed.
  • Ants don’t sleep.
  • Some scientists believe that the earth began billions of years ago as a huge ball of swirling dust and gases. If you dig in your backyard, don’t worry about running into the earth’s core. You’d have to dig a hole 4,000 miles (6,437 kilometers) deep!
  • How do reindeers survive in the extreme cold? Most animals don’t eat moss. It’s hard to digest, and it has little nutritional value. But reindeer fill up with lots of moss. Why? The moss contains a special chemical that helps reindeer keep their body fluids warm. When the reindeer make their yearly journey across the icy Arctic region, the chemical keeps them from freezing—much as antifreeze keeps a car from freezing up in winter.
  • No two zebras have stripes that are exactly alike. Zebra’s enemies include hyenas, wild dogs, and lions. Male zebras are called stallions. Zebras usually travel in herds.
  • There are more than 50 different kinds of kangaroos. Kangaroos are native of Australia. A group of kangaroos is called a mob. Young kangaroos are called joeys.
  • The largest frog in the world is called Goliath frog. Frogs start their lives as ‘eggs’ often laid in or near fresh water. Frogs live on all continents except Antarctica. Frogs belong to a group of animals called amphibians.
  • Bears whose brown fur is tipped with lighter-colored hairs are called grizzly bears. The smallest species of bears is called sun or Malayan bears. Male bears are called boars. Bears are native to the continents of North America, Asia, Europe, and South America. Alaskan brown bears, world’s largest meat-eating animals that live on land, can weigh as much as 1,700 pounds (771 kilograms).
  • Did you know Sailor, Dead Leaf, Paper Kite, Blue Striped Crow, Julia and Great Egg Fly are all names of BUTTERFLIES
  • The original name for the butterfly was ‘flutter by’!
  • A cheetah can run 76 kilometers per hour (46 miles per hour) – that’s really fast! The fastest human beings run only about 30 kilometers per hour (18 miles per hour).
  •  A cheetah does not roar like a lion – it purrs like a cat (meow).
  • A Zipper joins two pieces of material together. A zipper is used everywhere, on clothing, pencil cases, boots and suitcases, wallets, and a zillion other things. Everyone thinks it was Whitcomb Judson who invented the zipper but it was really Elias Howe. Elias was so busy inventing the sewing machine that he didn’t get around to selling his zipper invention which he called a “clothing closure”.
  • A cat can run about 20 kilometers per hour (12 miles per hour) when it grows up. This one is going nowhere today – it is too lazy!

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System Application and Products-SAP

Posted by Pankaj Kumar on December 10, 2012

 System Application & Products

The name SAP is acronym for Systems, Applications and Products in Data Processing. SAP is an extremely complicated system which is very difficult to understand all of it.
SAP is an enterprise resource planning (ERP) software product capable of integrating multiple business applications, with each application representing a specific business area. These applications update and process transactions in real time mode. It has the ability to be configured to meets the needs of the business.
SAP are Mainly categorized into 3 core functional areas:

  • Logistics
  • Sales and Distribution (SD)
  • Material Management (MM)
  • Warehouse Management (WM)
  • Production Planning (PP)
  • General Logistics (LO)
  • Quality Management (QM)

Financial

  • Financial Accounting (FI)
  • Controlling (CO)Enterprise Controlling (EC)Investment Management (IM)Treasury (TR)Human Resources

Personnel Administration (PA)

Personnel Development (PD)

SAP and its Applications:

From back office to boardroom, warehouse to storefront, desktop to mobile device, SAP empowers people and organizations to work together more efficiently and use business insight more effectively to stay ahead of the competition by extending the availability of software across on-premise installations, on-demand deployments and mobile devices.other things about SAP
SAP runs on a fourth generation programming language language called Advance Business Application Programming (ABAP). It have many of the features of other modern programming languages such as the familiar C, Visual Basic, and Power Builder. Your programs name conventions begins with a letter yxxx or zxxx.
SAP graphical user interfaces (SAPGUI) runs on Windows / NT / Unix / AS400.

sap

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59th National Film Awards 2012 Winners

Posted by Pankaj Kumar on December 10, 2012

 

New Delhi: Here is a list of winners of the prestigious 59th National Film Awards. The ceremony will be held on May 3, 2012.

Feature Films

Best Feature Film: Shared by Deool (Marathi) and Byari (Byari)Deool

Producer: Abhijeet Gholap

Director : Umesh VinayakKulkarni 

DeoolByari (Byari)

Producer: TH AlthafHussain

Director :Suveeran

SwarnaKamal: Rs.2,50,000/-

Indira Gandhi Award For Best Debut Film of a Director: Aaranyakandam (Tamil)

Producer:S.P.Charan

Director :Kumararaja Thiagarajan

SwarnaKamal: Rs.1,25,000/

Award for Best Popular Film Providing Wholesome Entertainment: AzhagarsamiyinKuthirai (Tamil)

Producer: P. Madan

Director :Suseentharan

SwarnaKamal: Rs.2,00,000/-

Best Children’s Film: Chillar Party(Hindi)

Producer: UTV Software Communications Ltd

Director : VikasBahl & Nitesh Tiwari

SwarnaKamal: Rs.1,50,000/-

Best Direction: GurvinderSingh for Anhe Ghorey Da Daan (Punjabi)

SwarnaKamal: Rs. 2,50,000/-

Best Actor: Girish Kulkarni for Deool (Marathi)

Rajat Kamal: Rs. 50,000/-

Best Actress: Vidya Balan for The Dirty Picture (Hindi)

Rajat Kamal: Rs. 50,000/-

Best Supporting Actor: Appu Kutty for Azhagarsamiyin Kuthirai (Tamil)

Rajat Kamal: Rs. 50,000/-

Best Supporting Actress: Leishangthem Tonthoingambi Devi for Phijigee Mani(Manipuri)

Rajat Kamal: Rs.50,000/-

Best Child Artist (Shared): Partho Gupte for Stanley ka Dabba (Hindi)

Irrfan Khan, Sanath Menon, Rohan Grover, Naman Jain, Aarav Khanna, Vishesh Tiwari, ChinmaiChandranshuh, Vedant Desai, Divij Handa and Shriya Sharma for Chillar Party(Hindi)

Rajat Kamal: Rs.50,000/-

Best Male Playback Singer: Anand Bhate for Balgandharva(Marathi)

Rajat Kamal: Rs.50,000/-

Best Female Playback Singer: RoopaGanguly for Abosheyshey (Bengali)

Rajat Kamal: Rs. 50,000/-

Best Cinematography: Anhe Ghorey DaDaan (Punjabi)

Cameraman: Satya RaiNagpaul

Laboratory: Reliance Media Works

Rajat Kamal: Rs.50,000/-

Best Screenplay

Screenplay Writer (Original): Vikas Behl & Manish Tiwari for Chillar Party(Hindi)

Rajat Kamal: Rs.50,000/-

Screenplay Writer (Adapted): Avinash Deshpande Nigdi for Shala (Marathi)

Rajat Kamal: Rs.50,000/-

Dialogues: Girish Kulkarni for Deool (Marathi)

Rajat Kamal: Rs.50,000/-

Best Audiography

Location Sound Recordist: Baylon Fonseca for Zindagi NaMilegi Dobara (Hindi)

Rajat Kamal: Rs.50,000/-

Sound Designer: Baylon Fonseca for Game (Hindi)

Rajat Kamal: Rs.50,000/-

Re-recordist of the final mixed track: Hitendra Ghosh for Game (Hindi)

Rajat Kamal: Rs.50,000/-

Best Editing: Pravin KL for Aaranyakandam (Tamil)

Rajat Kamal: Rs. 50,000/-

Best Production Design: Indraneel Ghosh for Naukadubi (Bengali)

Rajat Kamal: Rs. 50,000/-

Best Costume Designer (Shared): Neeta Lulla for Balgandharva (Marathi)

Niharika Khan: The Dirty Picture (Hindi)

Rajat Kamal: Rs. 50,000/-

Best Make-Up Artist: VikramGayakwad for Balgandharva (Marathi) and The Dirty Picture (Hindi)

Rajat Kamal: Rs. 50,000/-

Best Music Direction

Songs: Neel Dutt for Ranjana Ami Ar Ashbo Na (Bengali)

Rajat Kamal: Rs. 50,000/-

Background Score: Mayookh Bhaumik for Laptop (Bengali)

Rajat Kamal: Rs. 50,000/-

Best Lyrics: Amitabh Bhattacharya for ‘Agar Zindagi’ in I AM (Hindi)

Special Jury Award: Anjan Dutt for Ranjana Ami Ar Ashbo Na (Bengali)

Rajat Kamal: Rs. 50,000/-

Best Special Effects: Harry Hingorani and Keitan Yadav for Ra. One (Hindi)

Rajat Kamal: Rs. 50,000/-

Best Choreography: Bosco and Caeser for ‘Senorita’ from Zindagi Na Milegi Dobara (Hindi)

Rajat Kamal: Rs. 50,000/-

Best Feature Film In Each Of The Language Specified In The Schedule Viii Of The Constitution

Best Bengali Film: Ranjana Ami Ar Ashbo Na

Producer: Rana Sarkar

Director : AnjanDutt

Rajat Kamal: Rs.1,00,000/-

Best Dogri Film: Dille Ch Vasya Koi

Producer: Sanjeev Rattan

Director: Sanjeev Rattan

Rajat Kamal: Rs.1,00,000/-

Best Hindi Film: I AM

Producer: Anirban Dhar (Onir) & Sanjay Suri

Director : Onir

Rajat Kamal: Rs.1,00,000/-

Best Kannada film: Kurmavatara

Producer: Basant Kumar Patil

Director : Girish Kasaravalli

Rajat Kamal: Rs.1,00,000/-

Best Malayalam Film: Indian Rupee

Producer: August CinemaIndia Pvt. Ltd.

Director :RanjithBalakrishnan

Rajat Kamal: Rs.1,00,000/-

Best Manipuri Film: Phijigee Mani

Producer:Takhelchangbam Ongbi and Medha Sharmi

Director :Oinam GautamSingh

Rajat Kamal: Rs.1,00,000/-

Best Marathi Film: Shala

Producer: Vivek D. Wagh & NileshNavalkha

Director: Sujay SunilDahake

Rajat Kamal: Rs.1,00,000/-

Best Punjabi Film: Anhe Ghorey Da Daan

Producer: National Film Development Corporation

Director : Gurvinder Singh

Rajat Kamal: Rs.1,00,000/-

Best Tamil Film: Vaagai Sooda Va

Producer: S. Muruganandham

Director : A. Sargunam

Rajat Kamal: Rs.1,00,000/-

Special Mention

Byari (Byari): Mallika

Certificate only

Adimadhyantham( Malayalam)

Director : Sherry

Certificate only

Non-Feature Films

Best Non Feature Film: And We Play On (Hindi & English)

Producer: PramodPuRs.wane

Director: Pramod PuRs.wane

Swarna Kamal: Rs.1,50,000/- each

Best Debut Film Of A Director: The Silent Poet (Manipuri)

Producer: BorunThokchom

Director: Borun Thokchom

Rajat Kamal: Rs.75,000/- each

Best Anthropological/ Ethnographic Film: Bom (Hindi & English)

Producer: Anirban Datta

Director: Amlan Datta

Rajat Kamal: Rs.50,000/- each

Best Biographical/ Historical Reconstruction: Vishnupant Damle: BolpatanchaMook Nayak (Marathi)

Producer: Anil Anant Damle

Director :Virendra Valsangkar

Rajat Kamal: Rs.50,000/- each

Best Arts /Cultural Film (Jointly Being given to two Films): Fried Fish, Chicken Soup and a Premiere Show (Manipuri & English)

Producer: Madhusree Dutta

Director: Mamta Murthy

Lasya Kavvya – the World ofAlarmel Valli (English)

Producer: Sankalp Meshram

Director: SankalpMeshram

Rajat Kamal: Rs.25,000/- each

Best Promotional Film: The Dream Fulfilled – Memories of the Engineering Challenges (English)

Producer: Delhi Metro Rail Corporation

Director: Satish Pande

Rajat Kamal: Rs.50,000/- each

Best Environment Film: Tiger Dynasty (English)

Producer: S.Nallamuthu

Director: S. Nallamuthu

Rajat Kamal: Rs.50,000/- each

Best Film On Social Issues (Jointly Being given to two Films):

Mindscapes… of Love and Longing (Hindi & English)

Producer: Public Service Broadcasting Trust

Director: Arun Chadha

Inshallah, Football (Kashmiri, Urdu & English)

Producer: Ashvin Kumar

Director: Ashvin Kuma

Rajat Kamal: Rs.25,000/- each

Best Educational Film: A Drop of Sunshine (English)

Producer: Public Service Broadcasting Trust

Director: Aparna Sanyal

Rajat Kamal: Rs.50,000/- each

Best Exploration/ Adventure Film (Including sports): The Finish Line (English)

Producer: Syed Sultan Ahmed & Tabassum Modi

Director: Akshay Roy

Rajat Kamal: Rs.50,000/- each

Best Investigative Film: Cotton for My Shroud (English)

Producer: Kavita Bahl

Director: Nandan Saxena and Kavita Bahl

Rajat Kamal: Rs.50,000/- each

Special Jury Award: Anand Patwardhan for Jai BhimComrade (Marathi)

Rajat Kamal: Rs. 1,00,000/-

Best Film Critic: Manoj Barpujari (Assamese and English)

Best Book on Cinema: R.D. Burman The Man, The Music (English)

Publisher: Harper Collins India

Author: Anirudha Bhattacharjee and Balaji Vittal

Swarna Kamal: Rs. 75,000

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e-tailing

Posted by Pankaj Kumar on November 25, 2012

e-tailing = electronic retailing

  • selling of retail goods on the Internet.
  • e-tailing or “virtual storefronts” on Web sites with online catalogs, sometimes gathered into a “virtual mall”
  • Online shopping or online retailing is a form of electronic commerce
  • Consumers directly buy goods or services from a seller over the Internet without an intermediary service.
  • The largest online retailing corporations are E-Bay and Amazon.com, both of which are US-based.

e-tailware

  • e-tailing has resulted in the development of software tools for creating online catalogs and managing the business connected with doing e-tailing. These are known as e-tailware.

e-commerce (electronic commerce or EC)

  • buying and selling of goods and services on the Internet.
  • In practice, terms , e-commerce and e-business, are often used interchangeably.
  • For online retail selling, the term e-tailing is sometimes used.

e-commerce can be divided into:

  • e-tailing
  • Gathering and use of demographic data through Web contacts
  • Electronic Data Interchange (EDI), the business-to-business exchange of data
  • e-mail and fax and their use as media for reaching prospects and established customers (for example, with newsletters)
  • Business-to-business buying and selling
  • The security of business transactions

    e-commerce

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